Eastern white pelican
Also known as the great white pelican, this bird is found in shallow, freshwater areas from southeastern Europe through to Asia and African swamps.
They are piscivores - most of their diet consists of fish but they will also eat small invertebrates.
The species feeds, migrates and breeds in large colonies. They bathe by ducking their head and body into the water while flapping their wings. When hot, they will spread their wings or gape to cool down.
Eastern white pelicans are monogamous and form strong, long-term pair bonds. Two eggs are usually laid and are incubated by the female for around 30 days. Chicks fledge at 75 to 85 days, reaching reproductive maturity when three to four years old.
This species is not currently under huge threat, from a stable global population that is spread across different areas.
- Latin Name: Pelecanus onocrotalus
- Class: Birds
- Order: Pelecaniformes
- Family: Pelecanidae
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
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